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Posts tagged “Shamans of Tuva

Throat singing styles

There are various techniques of khoomei, some giving the effect of multiple tones by emphasizing overtones. Some famous groups from Tuva who feature throat-singing are Huun-Huur-Tu, Chirgilchin and the Alash Ensemble and National Tuvan Orchestra.

Throat singing styles are endless, but generally Tuvan’s recognize five styles:
1. Khoomei (Xoomei) is a midrange style, featuring a subtle overtone melody. It can be used with singing worlds.
2. Borbangnadyr is a rolling style reminiscent of water in a stream.
3. Sygyt is high overtone whistle.
4. Kargyraa is a low, rumbling style
5. Ezengileer is style that imitates the metallic clanging of ezengi.

Some Instruments:
1. Igil is two a stringed bowed instrument held between the legs. Igil could be like the great-great grandpa of the cello.
2. Doshpuluur is a three-stringed instrument. The front and back are made of skin.
3. Byzaanchy meaning “calf” four-stringed bowed instrument.
4. Mergu is end blown overtone flute
5. Limpi is open side six-hole flute.
6. Shynggyrash is basically bells made from horse tackle.
7. Kengirge is large frame drum. First introduced by Tibetan Buddhist and both sides are made of goatskin.


The old yurts

The old yurt is covered with animal skin and some parts by birch tree bark. In the mind of a Siberian the yurt is always in the centre of universe and microcosm. The entrance faces south. Behind the fire is the most honored spot located on the north side.The left side is for women and right is for men; the right is also where they keep their weapons and ritual objects. The left side is also the cooking area.
Movement in the yurt is important and must be done in a clockwise direction —this direction is according to the path of sun. The path of the sun acts as a time clock during the day. The centre of the yurt is the most sacred place and is where the fire is located.
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Shamanism and Music

People may have different opinions of shamanism and its music, but nobody can completely ignore this phenomenon. Although music is only one layer of shamanic culture, being rooted in the humanity and folklore images and can be called as a ‘Forefather’ of modern literature as well as roots nature interrelated in all its diversity of centuries. While preparing for a shamanic ritual, the shaman has to throat-sing a sygyt piece. The symbolic essence of sygyt is to help the soul call his spirit-helpers.The shaman sets up a soundscape using the natural setting: rustling breezes, bird calls, voices of domestic animals. Music helps the shaman and other participants in kamlanie to locate and enter the inner world, opening the inner spiritual ear. Secondly, musical sounds call spirits and transport the shaman on a journey. Thirdly, both the rhythm and timbre of the musical sound help the patient through the effects of specific frequencies of the human body and promote healing.Throat singing (Khoomei) is one of many ancient arts. Some people believe that khoomei was birthed from a desire to speak the language of nature, translating the earthly sounds of a whistling wind, rivers and gurgling brooks into human tones supported by spirits. This very unusual singing technique involves a single vocalist producing two and sometimes three distinct tones simultaneously.
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The Land of Promise

The Republic of Tuva, with its eagles and blue and white mountain peaks covered with melting snow, is gorgeous. The beauty of the region leaves one restless with imagination. Tuva is a testament to the cultural wealth of the people — it is embodied in tradition.The main city, Kyzyl, is far from picturesque and is isolated from the rest of Russia by the mountains, situated in the middle of the Asia.
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Tuva: Shamans and Spirits

Clips from a moving documentary of the Foundation for Shamanic Studies’ 1993 expedition to help, at their invitation, the Tuvan peoples of Central Asia revive their shamanic traditions, nearly destroyed under Soviet Communism. Michael Harner offers commentary on shamanism and shamanic healing.

Shamans of Tuva

Shamans of Tuva. With the split of Soviet Union spiritual and religious practices used to arise in former Soviet republics. New forms of traditional practices appeared to be, forms never existed before. Today practicing shamans in Tuva are organised into several competitive societies. They are officially registered to the state as practicing religious organisations, they pay taxes, have they own office, secretary and stuff, receive their clients to the cabinets of former state medical clinics. One of the most interesting and marginal societies between them- “Adyg Eeren” (“Spirit of Bear”) is located to the former clinic of the capital of Republic Tuva- Kyzyl. The chief of the society, shaman named Adyg- Tulush Kara-ool Dopchun-oglu is one of the descendors of an ancient tuvinian clan of bear. Each shaman in Adyg- Eeren is a caracteristic personality with it’s own unique history. Among others the only russian shaman in Tuva Dmitry Markov practicing to Adyg- Eeren. The report includes a number of events: ritual for the solar eclipse, ritual for calling of spirits at Kaa- Hem (Valley of Ancestors) at Maly Enisey river, healing of german tourist, healing of french anthropologist Laetitia Merly. Also- ritual of “cleaning” the car, shamans playing chess, working meeting of the group and issuing a “card of shaman”, medical examining of shamans by the doctors of the city clinic. The report was done in collaboration with a french anthropologist, specialist on contemporary shamanism, Doctor Laetitia Merly. The events took place to capital of republic of Tuva, town of Kyzyl in August 2008
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Chief of Adyg- Eeren, shaman Adyg- Tulush Kara-ool Dopchun-oglu doing a ritual in his office

Chief of Adyg- Eeren, shaman Adyg- Tulush Kara-ool Dopchun-oglu doing a ritual in his office

Ritual of calling for spirits at Kaa- Hem (Valley of Ancestors) at Maly Enisey river. Drying and warming up a ritual drum before the ritual.

Ritual of calling for spirits at Kaa- Hem (Valley of Ancestors) at Maly Enisey river. Drying and warming up a ritual drum before the ritual.

Ritual shamanic drum between "Nivea" and "Adidas" in the offices of Adyg- Eeren

Ritual shamanic drum between “Nivea” and “Adidas” in the offices of Adyg- Eeren